WHY THIS REGION
In the past 15 years, India has experienced tremendous economic growth and transformation; however, this growth has been highly unequal. Despite becoming a middle-income country and significantly decreasing the percentage of its population who live in extreme poverty, India is still home to 1/3 of the global population of people living in extreme poverty (defined as living on less than $1.90 a day). In many areas, the vulnerability of people living in extreme poverty has increased over the past 10 years due to climate change and financial and social exclusion.
In India, Trickle Up works with vulnerable populations, including women and members of Scheduled Castes and Tribes. A quarter of the population of India belongs to a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe, which are official designations given to groups of historically disadvantaged indigenous people in India. Members of the many indigenous peoples of India self-identify as Adivasi, which is commonly translated as “original inhabitants” and encompasses over 200 distinct peoples speaking more than 100 languages.
The Adivasi are disproportionately represented among the poorest and overwhelmingly live in rural areas. They are concentrated primarily in the states and villages of eastern India where Trickle Up works. They face chronic hunger and starvation on a regular basis and children in these communities face higher rates of malnutrition.
Women in India also are more likely to be among the poorest. They’re largely excluded from economic opportunities to bring themselves and their families out of extreme poverty, like financial services, earning an income, and land ownership. Women in India also are at a high risk for gender-based violence and often lack access to government services, health services, and social protection programs.